Hello Readers- the 365 days of art is unfolding as I go.
I am not only going to focus on visual art, but it will definitely be a core focus.
Please note that one of my goals here is to keep it simple (otherwise it will feel like work).
And so for today, I am just noting that the above painting imbues a sense of balance through the artist’s use of space. I know there is a lot more to discuss, but for a “splash of daily art” – this is all I want to note – so I am not trying to give a comprehensive analysis in any way – ok?
Also, I have also decided that on some posts I will include the Elements of Art (EOA) and Principles of Design (POD) because some readers might be interested in using these to further develop their art criticism. I know you artists out there know this info well – but for those still learning, we teach students to look for the EOA and POD when assessing a work. So instead of saying, “I like that painting” the student can get more specific and say, “I like the way the artist used color, cool colors of blue and green, to give the painting a quiet feel.”
Okay – that is all for today….
thanks for dropping by.
Seven Elements of Art
- Line, which starts with a dot that goes for a walk, is a mark that has more length than width. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curly, straight, spiral, curved, thick, thin, dashed, etc.
- Color has three main characteristics: hue (the name of the color, such as red, yellow, blue, etc.), value (how light or dark it is), and intensity (how bright or dim it is). Primary colors are referred to as true colors (red, blue, and yellow) because all other colors are from primary colors. Secondary colors are made from mixing two primary colors (red + blue = violet; yellow + red = orange; blue + yellow = green). Intermediate colors, or tertiary colors, are a blend of primary and secondary colors, which form colors like yellow-green, red-orange, and blue-violet. Complementary colors are extreme opposites offering contrast because the colors share no common colors. Complementary pairs are red and green, blue and orange, and yellow and purple.
- Shape refers to closed lines. Two-dimensional geometric shapes can be closed curves (circle, elliptical) and polygons (triangles, squares, pentagons, and quadrilaterals). Organic shapes are free form or more natural and imperfect figures, as seen in the outline of a puddle or one celled organism.
- Space is the area between and around objects. The space around objects is called negative space (which has shape) and the subject is referred to as the positive space. Space can also refer to the feeling of depth and in art space is the illusion of depth.
- Texture refers to the ‘perceived surface quality’ in a work of art, which can be rough, smooth, soft, hard, etc. Textures sometimes can have tactile qualities, but often a work does not feel the way it looks; for example, a drawing of a rose stem may show a prickly thorn, but the paper is still smooth.
- Form refers to objects that are 3-dimensional showing length, width, height, and depth. Cones, cylinders, boxes, and pyramids are geometric forms, and irregular globs and structures are organic forms.
- Value refers to lightness or darkness of a color or a tone. The lightest value is seen in white and the darkest value is expressed with black.
Eleven Principles of Design
- Balance refers to the feeling of stability or equilibrium in a work. A work with symmetrical balance has elements has both sides similar whereas with asymmetrical balance, both sides are different, yet but appear balanced. A piece with radial balance has elements arranged around a central point
- Emphasis, or contrast, refers to the combining of elements to show differences and to draw attention between the elements used.
- Pattern refers repeating elements within a work of art.
- Repetition refers to using elements with unity within the work of art. Repetition works with pattern to make the work of art feel active.
- Proportion is the sense of unity and relationship of sizes, amounts, and numbers within an art piece.
- Gradation refers to combining elements to show a gradual sense of change, for example, small shapes into larger ones, or a lighter color into an increasingly darker one.
- Harmony refers to using elements to show similarities, which can be done with repeating elements or showing gradual changes.
- Movement refers to how the elements show action in a work of art. Movement can be directed with shapes, lines, color, and edges.
- Rhythm refers to elements used to create the feeling of a beat or tempo. Elements are repeated to create a sense of organized movement.
- Variety refers to using elements to show contrast and diversity, which can be achieved with differing shapes, sizes, colors, etc. Variety in design can hold attention and guide the viewer’s eye through and around the work of art, but it can also feel busy and lack harmony if perceived as overdone.
- Unity is the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness.